Full moons illuminate the sky every month – but when will June’s Strawberry Moon peak?
ByRaven Saunt, DIGITAL CONTENT EDITOR14 June 2022 • 10:39am
June’s full moon is named after the beginning of the strawberry picking season. It is also known as Rose Moon or Hot Moon, commemorating the start of the summer’s warm weather.
It appears in the same month as the summer solstice, the longest day of the year, in which we can enjoy around 16 hours and 38 minutes of daylight.
Here we’ve compiled a complete guide to the Moon, Earth’s only natural satellite and the largest and brightest object in our night sky, which has enchanted and inspired mankind for centuries.
From supermoon to blue moon, here’s everything explained in one place.
When is the next full moon?
June’s full moon will reach its peak on June 14 at 12.51pm.
How often does a full moon occur?
A full moon occurs every 29.5 days and happens when the Moon is completely illuminated by the Sun’s rays. It occurs when the Earth is directly aligned between the Sun and the Moon.
While most years see 12 full moons, some years have 13. This means that some months will see two full moons, with the second known as a Blue Moon.
This happened in 2020, when 13 full moons graced our skies, with the two full moons in October, as well as four penumbral lunar eclipses.
Why do full moons have different names?
The early Native Americans didn’t record time using months of the Julian or Gregorian calendar. Instead tribes gave each full moon a nickname to keep track of the seasons and lunar months.
Most of the names relate to an activity or an event that took place at the time in each location. However, it wasn’t a uniform system and tribes tended to name and count moons differently. Some, for example, counted four seasons a year while others counted five. Others defined a year as 12 moons, while others said there were 13.
Colonial Americans adopted some of the moon names and applied them to their own calendar system which is why they’re still in existence today, according to the Farmer’s Almanac.
When are the next full moons of 2022?
July: Thunder Moon
Named due to the prevalence of summer thunder storms. It’s otherwise known as the Full Buck Moon because at this time of the year a buck’s antlers are fully grown.
When? July 13
August: Sturgeon Moon
Synonymous with the final days of summer and the beginning of the harvest, the Sturgeon Moon is named after the prehistoric-looking fish that Native Americans would catch at this time of year.
It is also often referred to as the green corn moon, the grain moon, and the red moon for the reddish hue it often takes on in the summer haze.
When? August 12
September: Harvest Moon
September’s full moon is the closest to the Autumn equinox. It is referred to as the Harvest Moon because it was during this month that most of the crops were harvested ahead of the autumn with the moon giving light to farmers so they could carry on working longer in the evening.
Some tribes also called it the Barley Moon, the Full Corn Moon or Fruit Moon.
When? September 10
October: Hunter’s Moon
October’s full moon is so named as it came to signify the ideal time for hunting game, which were becoming fatter from eating falling grains, as people planned for the cold months ahead.
It is also known as the Travel Moon and the Dying Grass Moon.
When? October 9
November: Beaver Moon
Beavers typically start building their winter dams in November, leading to this full moon moniker. In addition, winter frosts historically began to take their toll during this time, hence its alternative name of Frost Moon, too.
In 2021, the Beaver Moon coincided with a partial lunar eclipse, otherwise known as a Half Blood Moon, as part of the moon travelled through the Earth’s full ‘umbral’ shadow. The event lasted 3 hours, 28 minutes, making it the longest in 580 years, according to the Holcomb Observatory at Butler University, Indiana.
When? November 8
December: Cold Moon
The final full moon of the year is the Cold Moon, which is so named after the long and dark nights as winter’s grip tightens. But, falling in the festive season, it’s also often referred to as Moon before Yule or Long Nights Moon.
When? December 8
Past full moons of 2022
January: Wolf Moon
This full moon was so named because villagers used to hear packs of wolves howling in hunger around this time of the year. It’s also known as the Old Moon, Ice Moon and Snow Moon, although the latter is usually associated with February’s full moon.
When? January 17
February: Snow Moon
The Snow Moon is named after the cold white stuff because historically it’s always been the snowiest month in America. It’s also traditionally referred to as the Hunger Moon, because hunting was very difficult in snowy conditions.
When? February 16
March: Worm Moon
March’s full moon is so called because, as temperatures warm, earthworm casts begin to appear and birds start finding food. It also has multiple other names including the Sap Moon, Crow Moon and Crust Moon, while its Anglo Saxon name is the Lenten Moon.
The Worm Moon graces our skies in the same month as the Spring Equinox. This full moon is important because it is used to fix the date of Easter, which is always the Sunday after the first full moon following the spring equinox.
When? March 18
April: Pink Moon
April’s full moon is known as the Pink Moon, but don’t be fooled into thinking it actually turns pink. It is instead named after pink wildflowers, which appear in North America in early spring.
It is also known as the Egg Moon, due to spring egg-laying season. Some coastal tribes referred to it as Fish Moon because it appeared at the same time as the shad swimming upstream.
It is also important to note that the Pink Moon appears during the same month as the Lyrid meteor shower.
When? April 16
May: Flower Moon
May’s full moon is known as the Flower Moon because, by the time it arrives, spring has officially sprung and colourful blooms dot the landscape.
This full moon is also known as Corn Planting Moon, as crops are sown in time for harvest, or Milk Moon, as May was previously known as the “Month of Three Milkings”.
In 2022, this coincided with a total lunar eclipse. Those in the UK were not able to see every part of the eclipse, but were still able to see it at totality when the entire Moon turned red – which is deemed the Blood Moon.